Fungi of Bhutan

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National Mushroom Centre, Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, 2010 - Fungi - 316 pages

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Fungi are a group of living beings that are different from plants or
animals. For this reason, they are classified into a separate kingdom
called Fungi. With high adaptability, they can grow on many
surfaces, both in the nature and in cities. They play an important role
as decomposers, since they transform organic matter into simpler
substances that can be assimilated by other living beings. They are
also important in medicine, industry and food.
Although the number of species is not known with accuracy, so far
about 100,000 fungi have been described worldwide. However, once
tropical forests have been studied thoroughly, this figure may increase
to 1.5 million. In Costa Rica there are about 2,000 known species, but
it is assumed that from 40,000 to 70,000 species might be living in its
territory. In Bhutan about 350 species have been identified either with
scientific names or local names through traditional use of knowledge
in the survey done based in some part of Thimphu, Paro, Bumthang,
Tashiyangtse, Punakha and Sarpang dzongkha. But the vast majority
is not identified or unaccounted for. It could be speculated that
Bhutan’s mycoflora could be much larger due to its diverse climatic
and geographical conditions.

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